Most extreme sports are practiced in remote areas with little or no access to medical care. It usually happens when the athlete is either competing with oneself or competing with the forces of nature. They entail high speed, heights, real or supposed danger, outstanding stunts, and intensified risk element or even death. This type of sports has gained popularity over time, with dedicated TV channels and internet sites giving it more exposure to individuals.
Data has recently shown the risk and severity of the injuries as a result of the sports to be very high. The medical team needs to acknowledge there is a difference between the older sports and the new developing era. United Medical Education has assisted the extreme sports industry in a variety of ways. They offer courses to medical students that help in the cultivating the temperament of extreme sports athletes, epidemiology of the injury, treatment, and rehabilitation.
Below are the extreme sports activities and the tips to help you when injured or in an emergency:
This a major sport that involves parachuting from an aircraft. Epidemiological studies done to establish fatalities as a result of the sport have shown that the expert skydivers are the major victims compared to those undergoing training and the source of it is human error. If you find yourself in skydiving emergency, for instance, you are unable to deploy the main parachute know your altitude. If you are above your final decision altitude, try to deploy twice or for two full seconds, but not more than that since the time is limited. If all this does not work, give up on the main canopy and go to your reserve.
This adventure sport has developed from alpine mountaineering. The activity has gained popularity as well with the introduction of climbing gyms and climbing walls. The lead climber sustains most injuries here with falls being the prevalent mechanism of acute injuries. A most common injury among climbers is subluxation commonly known as a partial dislocation that occurs mostly on the shoulders. As soon as you feel pain, stop climbing and keep your arm below shoulder level. Gentle rotations of the joints will help stretch the injured muscles while pushups and dips increase strength.
Injury prevention in surfing is practiced by following basic safety recommendations like maintaining adequate swimming skills, being familiar with the surfing environment and conditions, do not surf to exhaustion, and practicing breath holding training.
Skiing and skateboarding
Best way to avoid injuries here is with properly conditioned programs that are begun before you hit the slopes. You need to also warm up before going down the slope since cold muscles will be at more risk of an injury. Always wear a helmet and appropriate gear.
Extreme sports are exciting and fun to watch. Managing the athlete has become a challenge to sports physicians and surgeons. However, ensure that you have the right gear, and if injured, there are high chances of going back to the same routine as before after getting proper treatment.
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